Einstein's Method

A scholarly inquiry...
Suppose we take a method Einstein used extensively and apply it to current problems in QM and relativity?
  » Introduction
  » Photon and the
Double Slit
  » Quantum
  » Elitzur-Vaidman
  » Three Mistakes of
Quantum Theory
  » Chapter II
  » Chapter III
  » Table of Contents
  » Index
  » The Author
  » Purchase
  » Comments -

Overview of
Wave-Particle Duality

Open Directory
Interpretations of Q.M.

The Three Great Mistakes of Quantum Theory

1.   Mistake:  Just as projectiles in classical mechanics will impinge upon a material target at a space point via particle impact, so photons terminate on a material target at a space point via particle impact. Massy projectiles and massless photons traversing space paths both share the same (classical) model of a particle with a set trajectory impacting at a space point.

   Mistake Corrected:  Photons are not classical, they are not pro­jectiles and they do not follow trajectories. Photons do not have rest mass to impact; rather they store mass (what we call "relativistic mass") and this potential mass (the ontological counterpart of potential energy) accounts for the probabilistic release of stored mass at a space point. Photon termination on a material target is a probabilistic quantum process of mass storage release; it has nothing in common with pro­jectile impact.

2.   Mistake:  Mass can store energy (e.g., thermal energy of a gas), but energy can never store mass. The photon's relativistic mass is strictly a quantity; relativistic mass can never be regarded as stored mass.

   Mistake Corrected:  Mass and energy are ontologically equal (see bottom of page). If existing mass can store energy in the field form, then occurring energy (the photon) can store mass in the waveform. Mass-stored (potential) energy progresses through time toward quantized, probabilistic time-point release (thermal or radioactive emission); photon-stored (potential) mass progresses through space toward quantized, probabilistic space-point release (photon absorption).

3.   Mistake:  Projectile motion features an entity (kinetic mass) which has a (field) form plus a mere quantity (kinetic energy). Energy, in fact, is always a quantity, the massless pure-energy photon (with its strange behavior) notwithstanding. When projectiles have very small kinetic mass and very large kinetic energy they exhibit unexpected wave behavior which is both described by, and perhaps prescribed by, the mathematical wave function and its complex (imaginary) values in phase space.

   Mistake Corrected:  Energy is the ontological equivalent of mass; both are quantized and both are entities, one exists over a space interval and one occurs over a time interval. When energy is pure (the massless photon) it has only the waveform. When rest mass is pure (inertial mass with no kinetic energy) it has only the field form. The projectile–which has both rest mass and kinetic energy–is therefore a combination of two entities: a mass entity with the existing field form and an energy entity with the occurring wave form. Accordingly, the projectile is not a simple, single entity; it is a dual entity with dual forms.
   When a projectile’s kinetic mass is large compared to a projectile’s kinetic energy then the field form predominates and classical physics is valid; when projectile’s kinetic mass is very small compared to a projectile’s kinetic energy then the waveform predominates and quantum physics is valid.

Ontological Equality of Mass and Energy Quanta:

I.   E = mc2 and at the quantum level of small space intervals and small time intervals, mass and energy become interchangeable.

II.  Mass is quantized in amount and delimited in space, energy is quantized in amount and delimited in time.

III.  Inertial mass is space-stationary relative to its inertial reference frame while photon energy is time-stationary (as special relativity assures us) relative to its temporal reference frame.

IV.  Inertial, space-stationary mass progresses through time alone, while time-stationary photon energy progresses through space alone.

V.   Mass will store potential energy; energy will store potential (i.e., relativistic) mass.

These ideas can only be fully explained in the book.